Public law information dates are confusing, which is the accurate year of Elementary & Secondary Education Act, 1965 or 1967?

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ladyvols1 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The actual bill was attached to another law in 1950, however, The Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) was signed into law by President Johnson in April 11,1965.  The original statute contained six sections and was established to provide federal monies for "professional development, instructional materials, resources to support educational programs, and parental involvement promotion."  The original law forbid the development or implementation of a national curriculum and left most of the power with individual states.  The federal statute was enacted April 11, 1965.  The law must be reauthorized on a periodic bias.  The most controversial re-authorization was No Child Left Behind; signed into law by George Bush.  ESEA was written so that it not only had to be reauthorized but it could be amended.  This is why so many dates are attached to this specific law.  As each re-authorization cycles around legislators want to "improve" or just change the original.  One of the positive impacts of these amendments was Title IX which opened up sports for young women and created scholarships for women to go to college.

"President Johnson signed the Elementary and Secondary Act [ESEA] (PL 89-10) at the former Junction Elementary School in Stonewall, Texas.  This was the first general aid-to-education program ever adopted by Congress and it provided programs to help educate disadvantaged children in city slums and rural areas.  (ESEA was technically an amendment to a 1950 “impacted area” act and was amended in 1965, ‘66, ‘67, and ‘70.)"