Which intervention do you think shaped U.S. foreign affairs the most: Hawaii, Cuba, or Nicaragua? Explain why. Be specific and give examples/details.
In the long-term, the intervention in the Hawaiian Islands changed the United States the most. The intervention started when American sugar and pineapple planters on the island overthrew the rightful queen and petitioned the United States for entry. Then-president Cleveland saw it as a blatant land grab and turned down their petition. It was not until his successor, McKinley, that Hawaii would be annexed as a U.S. territory.
This intervention in 1898 would have major consequences for the future of the United States. It made the United States a potential player in the Pacific, as ports were vital to the steam-powered ships of the time. The annexation further stirred the appetite of American industrialists longing to sell their goods in the Chinese market. After the acquisition of Hawaii, the U.S. bought or conquered Wake Island, Guam, American Samoa, and the Philippines, thus making a nation that was once a former colony a major player in the Pacific.
U.S. encroachment into the Pacific also led to friction between Japan and the U.S. This began during the early twentieth century as Japan saw itself as the major player in the Pacific. Japan viewed the United States as another Western interloper who had no business there. The American naval base at Pearl Harbor was a prime target for the Japanese in WWII. Without the Hawaiian intervention, it is doubtful that this base would have been as important and the US's actions during WWII might have been different.
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