In James Joyce's short story, "Araby," there are almost countless numbers of literary devices/elements used.
The first device is found at the beginning. Joyce employs personification, which is when inanimate objects are given the characteristics of a human being. This device is found in the following excerpt:
The other houses of the street, conscious of decent lives within them, gazed at one another with brown imperturbable faces.
Two details personify the "other houses:" the narrator notes that they are "conscious" of the occupants within, and he notes that the houses "gaze," and houses can do none of these things. The same quote furnishes a metaphor in indicating that the house fronts are "imperturbable faces." A metaphor compares two dissimilar things that share similar characteristics. The word "like" (which would make this a simile) is inferred, and the metaphor infers that the house front is like a face that is calm or unchanging.
The following excerpt provides examples of imagery, using
(The entire section contains 575 words.)