which historians (with quotes) support that USA was responsible for increased tensions for the construction of the Berlin wall from 1961-1972? similarly which historians (with quotes) agree that USSR was responsible for increased tensions during the construction of the Berlin Wall from 1961-1972

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On any contentious issue, the actions of two opposing sides often lead to an escalation of tensions. It was no different in the case of the Berlin Wall.

According to the State Department's Office of the Historian , the Berlin crisis was precipitated in part by the USSR's actions. In...

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On any contentious issue, the actions of two opposing sides often lead to an escalation of tensions. It was no different in the case of the Berlin Wall.

According to the State Department's Office of the Historian, the Berlin crisis was precipitated in part by the USSR's actions. In a 1958 speech, Khrushchev demanded that the Americans pull out of Western Germany. His words were taken as an ultimatum and a demonstration of Soviet resolve; for his part, President Eisenhower wasn't about to give in to Soviet demands. The two held talks at Camp David in 1959, but no consensus was reached at that point. In 1960, the Soviets shot down an American U-2 spy plane, which they claimed had trespassed onto Soviet territory. This hostile action killed any future peaceful negotiations regarding the Berlin Wall.

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After the Berlin Wall was taken down, many historians credited the United States and Allied powers for the victory. However, there are historians today who absolutely reject the fall of the Berlin Wall as a positive development. In fact, they largely blame the United States and Allied powers for the state of the relationship between the two world powers. Historians of this stripe are William Blum and Frederick Kempe.

Frederick Kempe authored the book Berlin 1961: Kennedy, Khrushchev and the Most Dangerous Place on Earth. In his book, Kempe paints President Kennedy in a less than positive light. For a very informative review about the book, please refer to the link below. Kempe's thesis is that Kennedy was to blame for the building of the East Berlin wall; he suggests that it was Kennedy's unwillingness to protect western interests that led to the divide between East and West Germany.

William Blum is another historian who blamed the United States for increased tensions between Allied and Axis powers during the Berlin Wall fiasco. You can read his article The Berlin Wall: Another Cold War Myth at the link below.

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