Which group of citizens are most likely to be oversampled in an opinion poll?A. Older MenB. Older WomenC. Younger MenD. Younger WomenE.  Everyone, as all are eager to give their opinion to...

Which group of citizens are most likely to be oversampled in an opinion poll?
A. Older Men
B. Older Women
C. Younger Men
D. Younger Women
E.  Everyone, as all are eager to give their opinion to pollsters

 

Expert Answers
jameadows eNotes educator| Certified Educator

As the educator above stated, older women are the group of citizens who are most likely to be oversampled in an opinion poll. This is because most pollsters still rely on listed telephone numbers, which are landlines, to conduct their polls. It is difficult to find listings of cell phones, and many young people only have cell phones and do not have landlines. Therefore, older people are more likely to be sampled. In addition, older people are more likely to be at home when pollsters call, and women tend to be home more than men because they have overall lower rates of participation in the workforce. In addition, among older people, there are more women than men (as women tend to live longer than men). For all these reasons, pollsters are most likely to oversample older women and to under sample younger people.

pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The most likely answer to this is that older women are more likely than any of the other groups to be overrepresented in opinion polls.  This is because most opinion polls still tend to be conducted by calling landline telephones (using random number dialing).   Older women are more likely to be at home and willing to talk to opinion pollsters.

The main possible source of bias in opinion polls today is the problem of nonresponse.  It is not as easy as it once was to get people to answer the phone when pollsters call and it is not as easy as it once was to get them to actually go through with the whole survey if they do answer.  These problems are generally less common among older women.  Therefore, they can tend to be oversampled in opinion polls.