Which genre of literature emerged during the RESTORATION period with dominant traits of realism,social analysis and satire?  

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In many ways, the Restoration was a golden age of satire. There were several different genres in which this was expressed. 

Although the epic flourished during the Restoration, a satirical version of the epic, the mock epic, and other types of long satires in verse were also common and...

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In many ways, the Restoration was a golden age of satire. There were several different genres in which this was expressed. 

Although the epic flourished during the Restoration, a satirical version of the epic, the mock epic, and other types of long satires in verse were also common and perhaps even more characteristic of the period. Dryden wrote both serious epics and satires. Samuel Butler's mock epic, Hudibras, was published during the Restoration although written a bit earlier. Unlike the epic, the mock epic is often set in realistic circumstances and thus makes fun of epic ideals by showing how silly they would appear if applied to ordinary lives.

Another major genre which fits your description is Restoration Comedy, a dramatic genre that uses humor to criticize the corruption and questionable morals of the aristocracy, often by contrasting aristocratic or literary ideals with behavior actually motivated by lust and avarice.

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Without question, comic drama was the signature genre for the period in English history that began with the restoration of the monarchy when Charles II returned from exile in France.  Theatre was a social occasion for several social levels, and the king's nobles welcomed the opportunity to comically criticize and parody the human foibles of their "lessers." The playwrights took advantage of the new permissiveness, coupled with a rejuvenated financial reward.  Today, their texts serve as the ideal literature to capture the flavor of the times.  William Wycherley, William Congreve, George Etherege, and their colleagues have left behind a diary of the Restoration romance with social comic criticism.

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