Which fundamental right is the heart and soul of the Indian Constitution?

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Ashley Kannan eNotes educator| Certified Educator

As with any question of this nature, there will be significant debate and discussion as to which fundamental right represents "the heart and soul" of the Indian Constitution.  I would say that one of the most essential rights, something that has to serve as the backbone of the nation is the right to equality.  I would say that this has to be seen as the "heart and soul" of the nation for a couple of reasons.  The first would be that a nation that can boast the world's largest democracy is something that must preach and embed equality for all people as part of its being.  In a nation like India, a nation with over a billion people and rooted in democratic rule, to ensure equality on this level is vital.  Another reason why the right to equality is important is precisely because it is not evident in India today.  Issues of untouchability, social stratification, the condition of women, and the gap between urban and rural India are all realities in which the issue of inequality is an evident one, something that is contradicting the right to equality that is embedded in the Constitution.  As India becomes more of a globalized and significant participant in the world economy, to live up to its right to equality for all citizens is something that represents a worthy goal, and one that ensures that the "heart and soul" of India is attached to a stellar compass of judgment and Constitutional belief.