Which of the following situations would NOT support the cognitive specificity hypothesis?
1. persons who share certain disorders seem inclined to employ similar cognitive distortions
2. persons with depression often have a negative attributional style
3. persons prone to depression often interpret negative events as occuring because of internal, global and stable factors
4. normal and abnormal behavior is triggered by cognitive interpretation of events rather than by tnhe events themselves
The Cognitive Specificity Theory is defined and delineated by ways of "concepts" and "conceptualization", that is, of how the client understands a situation or situations, behaviors, persons, and things. It also has everything to do with what the client understands, how he or she connects this knowledge to their schema, and what conclusions are made out of the combination of perception and fact.
For this reason, the answer that has nothing to do with perception would be number 2, which talks mainly about a behavioral tendency of people who suffer depression which may or may not always manifest.
If you notice, the other choices offered do contain elements of perception such as distortion, and interpretation. Perception, distortion and interpretation are all cognitive processes that are molded by context and experience. Therefore, when we speak about attributional styles, we move away from cognitive processes and, instead, are talking about behavioral tendencies that are not based on perception, but on action-reaction processes.