Which of the following was NOT a result of the influence of Islam in Africa?
A. New travel routes from Africa to Mecca opened up.
B. The practice of alms-giving led to the creation of new centers of learning along travel routes.
C. People and ideas were exchanged between groups who had had little contact before.
D. Islam was declared the official religion of places like Aksum and Ethiopia.
The correct answer to this question is Option D. Ethiopia and Aksum never did become Muslim. Even today, the majority of the people who live in Ethiopia are Christian. The same is true of Eritrea. This means that Option D is false and is, therefore, the correct answer to the question.
All of the first three options are true. When Islam started to expand into Africa, it brought with it new ideas and allowed new trade routes to open up. This is typically what happens when people from one part of the world “discover” another part of the world. However, Islam was not able to completely overcome the fact that the people of Aksum were Christians. This meant that Aksum did not become Muslim and Option D is false.