Which of the following is a positive statement? a.  An unemployment rate is 5.8 percent. b.  The unemployment rate of 5.8 percent is too high. c.  The unemployment rate should be below 5.8...

Which of the following is a positive statement?

a.  An unemployment rate is 5.8 percent.

b.  The unemployment rate of 5.8 percent is too high.

c.  The unemployment rate should be below 5.8 percent.

d.  The unemployment rate should never be above 5.8 percent

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This question is asking you to differentiate between positive and normative economics.  Positive economics is concerned with facts that can be verified and proven true or false.  By contrast, normative economics deals with value judgements.  It asks how things should be, not how they are.

With this definition in mind, you can see that A is the correct answer.  A is the only answer that can be proven true or false.  The others are concerned with value judgements.  They give opinions that cannot be proven to be true or false.  Therefore, only A is a statement of positive economics.

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