Which of the following is not a party to the iron triangle that often establishes policy in Washington?
The choices are:
A. Department secretaries
B. Representatives of an outside lobby
C. Middle-level bureaucrats in affected agencies
D. Selected members of Congress
In describing the Iron Triangle, I think that the most important elements to include would represent different sides of the structure. There has to be a representation of the Executive branch, the legislative branch via Congressional committee, and the outside lobbyist. For example, the manner in which the military industrial complex (MIC) represents the Iron Triangle lies in the collusion between industry, congressional committees that serve to nudge Congress in a particular way, and the members of the executive cabinet that serve the ends of industry.
In the choices above, I would say that the one that could be eliminated as not essential to the Iron Triangle would be department secretaries. The members of the bureaucracy of the affected agency are essential in ensuring that the executive aspect of the Iron Triangle are represented, while the outside lobbyist is the initiator of the process. The selected members of Congress would be critical in ensuring that Congress would be represented in this Iron Triangle configuration.