which is the first indian "public school"? 

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While Harvard boasted an "Indian college" in the mid-1600s, and Dartmouth College added one in 1769, it wasn't until 1879 that Richard Henry Pratt, a former US Army Officer, founded the Carlisle Indian Industrial School, the first non-reservation boarding school for Native Americans. The "assimilation through total immersion" model (based on the Civilization Fund Act of 1819) that Pratt advocated at the Carlisle Indian Industrial School became the model used by the Bureau of Indian Affairs in the development and establishment for other federally-funded, non-reservation schools. However, this system eventually fell out of favor as the Native American children were often forbidden to speak their native language, observe their cultural or religious customs, and wear traditional or ceremonial dress. 

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