“Which factors were important in explaining the Industrial Revolution of England? Explain the significance of your choices.” what were the causes and effects of the Industrial Revolution of England? consider the following causes: economic, social, political, natural resources, and scientific
A number of factors contributed to Britain's role as the birthplace of the European Industrial Revolution:
- Large deposits of iron and coal near the surface provided the raw materials which would enhance industrial development.
- The British Empire and its mercantilist economic system provided valuable sources of raw materials such as cotton, and markets for manufactured goods from Britain.
- A plethora of navigable waters and streams in Britain, so many that one was never more than 20 miles from navigable water, made transportation of raw materials and manufactured goods efficient and inexpensive.
- The Agricultural Revolution in Britain had led to enhanced production of foodstuffs which substantially reduced the price of food. The reduction of food prices consequently provided an increase in disposable income which could be used for manufactured items.
- Britain had no internal tariffs as existed in other parts of Europe. This enhanced the efficient movement of raw materials and manufactured products.
- Britain had a stable government and established banking system. This stability lent itself to industrial development as market enterprise and entrepreneurship were encouraged.
- Britain was further blessed with a large and mobile work force. In other parts of Europe, peasants were still bound to the land. In Britain, after farm lands were enclosed there were more workers available than were needed for agricultural production, and industry was an attractive source of working income.
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