This is a challenging question. I was only able to select choice D, Japan based on the fact that eye contact is considered impolite
- It is considered disrespectful to stare into another person's eyes, particularly those of a person who is senior to you because of age or status.
- . In crowded situations the Japanese avoid eye contact to give themselves privacy.
Many Asian cultures have a variety of non-verbal expressions related to privacy, status and respect. Many of these gestures involve avoiding eye contact, who initiates the bow, or who initiates the handshake. Japan has a visitors' guide for these non-verbal expressions and their meanings for non-natives of Japan.
If one gazed toward the neck, then one could thereby avoid making eye contact.