Which are the climatic characteristics of the Gobi Desert?
The Gobi Desert does not have the kind of climate that people usually associate with deserts. We think that deserts are always hot, but the Gobi is not. It is a cold, midlatitude desert.
It is cold because of two factors. First, it is at a relatively high latitutde -- it's pretty far north. Second, the Gobi is located on a large plateau that is mostly 3,000 to 5,000 feet above sea level.
Because of this, it does not typically get very hot -- about 65 Fahrenheit as a mean in the summer (although some places can get about 100). And it can get very cold -- well below 0 Fahrenheit in the winter.
Much of the Gobi is also subjected to very strong winds. Finally, there is very little precipitation in the Gobi -- from 2 to 8 inches annually.
Gobi is a cold desert, and it is not uncommon to see frost and occasionally snow on its dunes. Besides being quite far north, also is situated on a plateau about 910-1,520 meters above sea level, further contributing to its low temperature. Generally temperate , desert climate is typical continental, with extremely low winter temperatures (- 40 ° C) and very hot summers (temperatures can rise up to 40 Celsius ). The extreme temperature difference between winter and summer, and that between day and night can be explained by lack of water. Thus, the difference in temperature within 24 hours can reach 32 ° C.
This area receives low amounts of rainfall: 200-300 mm / year in contact with the mountains, up to 10-20 mm / year in the center and just below 10 mm / year in the Lop Nur (Lob Nor). Despite this, the evapotranspiration is very high, reaching from Hami, located between the Gobi and Takla-Makan, about 3578 mm / an.In summer rain falling quite a bit, which evaporates even before reaching the ground, temperature Monday, July average while reaching over 25 Celsius. In winter, precipitation is lacking and dry frost lasted several months. Therefore, in the Gobi desert as well as other desserts, summers are excessively hot and dry summers and cold winters, no snow. In such weather conditions. Spring burst unhealthy dust storms caused by cold air currents passing over from Russia and Mongolia all desert dust. These storms can reach up to Beijing.
The Gobi Desert is noted for its extreme temperature variation, with days commonly dipping from sweltering midday heat to freezing temperatures at night. During the winter, the Gobi Desert experiences extremely low temperatures that are not found in other surrounding areas of China and Mongolia. The reason for the the cooler temperatures, like the formation of the sand dunes, is theorized to be the result of the strong winds that sweep across the plains of the Gobi Desert. Unstopped by any significant mountain formations, the winds add a chill to the temperature that makes life in the winter Gobi Desert particularly difficult.
The summer season, while marked by temperatures rising towards 100°F, is the rainy season for the Gobi Desert. The high temperatures bring with them the promise of rain, which is much needed for the inhabitants of the desert.
Gobi desert covers part of southern Mongolia and part of Northern China stretches across a territory covering about 1,300,000 square kilometers. Unlike most of other desert it is situated on a plateau with altitude varying from 910 t0 1500 meters above sea level. Also unlike other deserts, sand dunes are not very common in the Gobi desert,covering only 5 percent of it area. For these reasons Gobi desert does not experience extreme hot weather. I experiences get ling heat waves in summer and cold waves in winter. The average temperature in summer is 21 degrees centigrade and -12 degrees in winters. It has a very dry climate and receives less than 25 centimeters of rains yearly.