Where was the process of printing with movable type invented?

The process of printing with movable type was invented in China in the eleventh century.

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The first known movable type as a system of printing was invented in China around AD 1040, during the Northern Song Dynasty. The man who is credited with the invention of the moveable type printing technology was Chinese alchemist and inventor Bi Sheng (990–1051), who lived in Yingshan, Hubei. He...

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The first known movable type as a system of printing was invented in China around AD 1040, during the Northern Song Dynasty. The man who is credited with the invention of the moveable type printing technology was Chinese alchemist and inventor Bi Sheng (990–1051), who lived in Yingshan, Hubei. He made the movable type by mixing baked clay and glue, which, as a material, resembled porcelain. The invention of the moveable type as a printing system is one of the greatest inventions of China.

The wooden movable type, which was much less fragile than the clay moveable type, was invented in 1297, during the Yuan Dynasty, by Chinese inventor, engineer and politician Wang Zhen. Bi Sheng also attempted to make a wooden movable type, but ultimately gave up as he concluded that wood easily absorbs water and moisture and has an uneven texture.

The metal moveable type was originally invented in Korea in the thirteenth century, during the Goryeo dynasty. In Europe, the metal moveable type printing press was invented by German goldsmith and inventor Johannes Gutenberg. Gutenberg began experimenting with the creation of a metal moveable type and printing in the 1440s, in France; in 1450, he returned to Mainz, Germany, which is where he introduced the first European metal moveable type printing press, popularly known as the Gutenberg press.

With the invention of the moveable type printing press, people around the world became more literate and they were able to gain and transmit information and knowledge much faster and much easier.

You can read more about the invention of the moveable type and the process of printing here.

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