Where was Magwitch living during Pip's becoming of a gentleman?

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mwestwood eNotes educator| Certified Educator

In the novel "Great Expectations" by Charles Dickens, the convict Magwitch who has been in trouble since he was a child, has been banished to New South Wales which is Australia.  From 1788 to 1823 the colony of New South Wales was officially a penal colony comprised of convicts, marines, and wivves of marines.

As the inhabitant of such a penal colony, Magwitch is forbidden passage to England, so he forwards money to Mr. Jaggers to give to Pip.  Of course, his identity remains secret untill he later appears at Pip's apartment.  Magwitch risks being hanged to see Pip and find him a gentleman.