The short story "Everyday Use" takes place, crucially to the plot, in the house in which Dee and Maggie grew up—but not the first house they lived in. That first house was destroyed in a fire, which Mama remembers vividly. Dee, she says, had hated that first house.
The second house is clean and comfortable, with a well-swept yard, but it is not a house of wealth. It has a tin roof and only three rooms. Without any real windows, it is more of a shack set out in a pasture. Mama knows that Dee, who has been sent away to Augusta to go to school, will disapprove of the house, thinking that it represents a situation in which black people should no longer be forced to live or allow themselves to live.
The actual location of the house is not mentioned in the story, but we can assume that it is relatively near to Augusta, Georgia, somewhere out in the countryside.