Pathos is an emotional appeal meant to persuade audiences by influencing their emotions. In the opening chapter of the novella, Old Major utilizes pathos during his moving speech in order to appeal to the animals's emotions. He exercises pathos by telling the animals,
Let us face it: our lives are miserable, laborious, and short. We are born, we are given just so much food as will keep the breath in our bodies, and those of us who are capable of it are forced to work to the last atom of our strength and the very instant that our usefulness has come to an end we are slaughtered with hideous cruelty. No animal in England knows the meaning of happiness or leisure after he is a year old. No animal in England is free. The life of an animal is misery and slavery: that is the plain truth (Orwell, 4).
Old Major appeals the animals's emotions as they contemplate the depressing nature of their miserable lives. Old Major portrays their existence as meaningless and depressing, which subconsciously...
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