Where does Snowball go after being expelled by Napoleon?

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After Napoleon expels Snowball from the farm, Orwell does not mention where he ends up living for the remainder of the novella. However, Napoleon cleverly uses Snowball's mysterious location to his advantage by continually accusing him of residing on both Pinchfield and Foxwood farms at critical times. Napoleon uses Snowball as a scapegoat and informs the animals that he is dedicated to the fall of Animal Farm, which is why he helps their enemies.

At various times in the story, Napoleon changes his allegiances with the neighboring farms, yet he always accuses Snowball of living on the enemy farm. When Mr. Frederick forges the bank notes and blows up the windmill, Napoleon blames Snowball for conspiring with him and declares that he has been residing on Pinchfield farm.

Since Snowball allegorically represents Leon Trotsky, Orwell chose to keep Snowball's location a mystery in order to correspond with Trotsky's historical escape after he was forced to flee the Soviet Union. It is widely believed that Trotsky eventually fled to Mexico, where he was assassinated by KGB agents.

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Snowball's real location remains a mystery after he is run off the farm by Napoleon. We never know if he is dead or alive, and it is difficult to imagine where he could find a comfortable home, now that the other farmers know he is a revolutionary.

However, none of the matters. Once Snowball is gone, his status becomes mythical or archetypal. This means he becomes not merely a pig, but The Scapegoat. He becomes the symbol of all evil, of all betrayal, of all the animals have to fear. He becomes bigger than life, capable, ludicrously, of any and all crimes. Whenever anything goes wrong, we can be sure that the pigs will explain that Snowball is behind it.

Of course, we know that the real Snowball, while not perfect (for example, he goes along with the pigs having extra privileges), is a sensible and intelligent pig who had the best interests of Animal Farm at heart. He worked hard to protect it and make it stable and prosperous.

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Good question!  Orwell does not make it clear where Snowball escapes to after he squeezes through the hedge.  Napoleon uses this mystery to his advantage by blaming all negative happenings on the farm on a ubiquitous Snowball.  In Chapter 7, the narrator explains that

"All this while no more had been seen of Snowball. He was rumoured to be hiding on one of the neighbouring farms, either Foxwood or Pinchfield."

The mystery of Snowball's location works well for Napoleon.  If his dealings with Foxwood fall through, he blames it on Snowball's presence at Foxwood.  If his communication with Pinchfield is stifled, it is because Snowball actually went to Pinchfield.

Orwell does not leave Snowball's final destination a mystery simply for the convenience of his plot; rather, he is portraying Trotsky's fate.  After working tirelessly for Lenin and Stalin's cause, Trotsky was run out of Russia by the secret police, and rumors abounded as to where he might be.  Most believe that he was murdered in Mexico most likely by KGB agents.

 

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