The Renaissance was a movement of cultural rebirth which begin in the Italian city of Florence in the late thirteenth century. Historians believe that the Renaissance began in Italy for a number of reasons, one of which was the country's ideal location on the Mediterranean. As a major centre for trade and commerce, Italian cities like Florence were the first to receive goods and new ideas.
Because it was a centre for trade, Italy was also home to many wealthy businessmen and here lies another reason for the start of the Renaissance. These men were happy to spend their money supporting artists and poets around them.
Finally, Italy had become a place of refuge for many intellectuals after the fall of the Byzantine Empire in 1453. When they fled from Constantinople, these intellectuals brought with them many great works from Ancient Greece and Rome which had been previously lost to Western Europe.