The chaparral biome can be found on most of the continents. In the United States, it is located mostly in the west--in California and the Baja peninsula (in California and Mexico). It can be found in flatlands, hills and mountainous slopes. Characteristics of its domain usually require extreme heat and dryness during the summer months, with mild, wet winters. In Europe and Asia, chaparral is usually found along the Mediterranean (known as maquis); in South America, it is most often located in central Chile (called matorral). Chaparral also exists along the extreme South African coast (known as fynbos) and in Southern and Western Australia.