This poem is an ode, written by Rabindranath Tagore. He was a leader of a new sect, the Brahoon Samay, which was intended to be a revival of Hinduism. It is possible that Rabindranath Tagore has written this poem to express sorrow for his country, which belonged to the British Empire.
The speaker knows that only under some premises his country will be “awake”, In the poem´s context, “awake” mean revival.
The poet uses figurative language, symbols, and imagery to enhance his distress. Thus, he envisages the possibility of a catastrophe by using the metaphor: “the world has not been broken up into fragments.”(line 3)
In order to highlight his point-of-view, he makes use of synecdoche since “mind” and “head “means the human´s psyche and the human body, respectively.” The dreary desert sand of dead habit” is a strong visual image. This metaphor conveys death. Since people tend to dislike deserts, because its dryness and excessive warm, the speaker wishes a world free from misfortunes and “dry deserts”. Here one has a significant expression in the words “dead habit”, which suggest death. Once more, he wishes his country to be free. Finally, the poem is a cry for help and a pray to God, as it shows in the three last lines:
Where the mind is led forward by thee
Into ever-widening thought and action
Into that heaven of freedom, my Father, let my country awake.(Lines 9-11)