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An amphora (plural: amphorae, amphoras) was a type of vase, usually made of ceramics, used to transport or store many types of goods in antiquity. They are characterized by having a cylindrical body, long neck, and two carrying handles, one on each side of the neck. The earliest amphoras found in the Mediterranean date to 3500 BC. They range in size from a few inches to several feet tall. They were used for liquids such as wine and olive oil and solids such as grain and grapes, and could be basic unglazed containers or elaborately decorated and were used through the Byzantine period. Many can still be found in museums. Tourist and museum shops sell reproductions of amphoras and you can find many pictures of them online and in art history books.
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