The earliest hints as to maureens's ethnicity come in Chapters 4 and 5. In Chapter 4, Maureen is walking home with two girls who are African American in ethnicity. They stop to defend a third girl who is also of African American ethnicity. The early association of Maureen with these three girls associates Maureen with the same ethnic roots: African American. In Chapter 5, Geraldine is introduced. She is a light skinned woman of African American ethnicity. The parallel between Geraldine and Maureen gives the second earliest hint at Maureen's ethnicity.