Where are modernism, Romanticism and realism present in Netherland by Joseph O’Neill? Compare this to their significance in The Great Gatsby by Scott F. Fitzgerald.

Realism is present in Netherland and The Great Gatsby in that both narratives borrow from real life to show life as it is. Modernism is present in Netherland and Gatsby via the incoherent identities of Chuck Ramkissoon and Jay Gatsby. Conversely, Ramkissoon and Gatsby could be described as Romantic figures, since they’re often propelled by their imagination and emotions.

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The realism of Netherlandis present in its incorporation of the September 11th attacks. While the presence of a real-life event doesn’t automatically make it an example of realism, in the case of Netherland , it does reflect realism’s attitude that a novel should show life as it is. In...

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The realism of Netherland is present in its incorporation of the September 11th attacks. While the presence of a real-life event doesn’t automatically make it an example of realism, in the case of Netherland, it does reflect realism’s attitude that a novel should show life as it is. In the real world and in the word created by Joseph O’Neill, there’s terrorism.

In The Great Gatsby, there’s a reference to a real-life event as well. This event involves the World Series. In 1919, gamblers colluded with members of the Chicago White Sox to purposely lose baseball’s World Series. One of the main gamblers and mob leaders was supposedly Arnold Rothstein. In The Great Gatsby, Arnold Rothstein is Meyer Wolfshiem. As with O’Neill, F. Scott Fitzgerald uses real-life events to present life as it is.

Of course, gambling plays a pivotal role in O’Neill’s novel as well. One of Chuck Ramkissoon’s main sources of profit is his legally questionable gambling enterprise. Alone, Ramkissoon’s gambling venture probably wouldn’t serve as an instance of modernism; but in conjunction with his cricket franchise aspirations and his kosher dealings, it creates a disparate picture that pertains to modernism’s emphasis on juxtaposition, fragmentation, and incoherence.

Jay Gatsby, too, could be called a modernist character. His mutating origin story relates to modernism’s rejection of stability and order.

Conversely, Ramkissoon and Gatsby could be both thought of as Romantic characters. Each man possesses a powerful imagination that leads to emotional decisions instead of reasonable, practical choices.

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