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When and where did the Renaissance movement begin?

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The Renaissance Period--a cultural reguvination and societal reformation through the dissemination of Latin literature with competition between artists for commissions and with an increased focus on intellectual inquiry--took place in Europe during the late Middle Ages and lasted throughout the 14th-17th centuries. The Renaissance is believed to have originated in Florence, Italy, where the Medici family dominated the political and cultural structures of the day and to which Greek philosophers, artists, astronomers, and intellectuals flocked after the Ottoman Empire conquered Constantinople. Its origins are traced to the writings of famous late 13th century Florentines, including Dante Alighieris, Francesco Petrarca, Lorenzo Ghiberti and Filippo Brunelleschi. 

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