Dickens began writing Great Expectations in October of 1860, and published its first two chapters that December in All the Year Round, which was his own literary circular in England. It was easier to sell serialized works to the working class because they were cheaper, and the sales of All the Year Round were dwindling after A Tale of Two Cities (which was also serialized). Great Expectations remained in All the Year Round until August of 1861 and caused sales to exceed those of the London Times. Additionally, it was being published in Harper’s Weekly in the United States at about the same time, with illustrations by John McLenan. Dickens wrote two endings for Great Expectations — an original, which was published after his death in The Life of Dickens by John Forster, and an alternative, audience-friendly ending, which was published in All the Year Round and Harper’s Weekly. Chapman and Hill Publishers picked up Great Expectations and published it in three volumes, which were so popular that it quickly achieved four printings.