On December 23, 1954, Harvard University physicians performed the world's first successful kidney transplant. The patient survived for seven years with a kidney from his identical twin brother.
Further Information: "Joseph E. Murray." Encarta. [Online] Available http://encarta.msn.com/find/Concise. asp?ti=0B484000, November 6, 2000; When was the first successful kidney transplant? [Online] Available http://www.transweb.org/qa/asktw/answers/answers9701/96090403.html, November 6, 2000.