In the play Macbeth by William Shakespeare, I need help finding a tragedy, using lines from the book, and then explaining how it is a tragedy.
I also need help finding a tragic hero, using lines from the book, and then explaining how it is a tragic hero.
Finally, I need help finding a tragic flaw, using lines from the book, and then explaining how it is a tragic flaw.
Thanks for the help in advance!!
1. The question is asking for a tragedy? The entire play of Macbeth is a tragedy. Perhaps the statement of the renowned Shakespearean critic Harold Bloom may serve to answer this question. Macbeth is "a tragedy of the imagination." As support for this statement, there are lines that convey Macbeth's tragic descent into the horror of his own imaginings--"Nothing is what is not" (1.3). Macbeth is barely aware of a desire or an ambition before he sees himself as already having performed the act. For instance, after the three witches hail him as Thane of Cawdor and then tell him he will be king, Macbeth reveals his thoughts in an aside:
I am Thane of Cawdor:
If good, why do I yield to that suggestion*
Whose horrid image doth unfix my hair
And make my seated heart knock at my ribs. (1.3.137-140)
[suggestion=the thought of killing King Duncan]
So, he already imagines himself killing Duncan in order to become king. This tragedy of his imagination leads Macbeth into his madness as he sees ghosts and is tortured by his paranoia that someone else will take the crown from him once he does become king. This paranoia and fear lead to Macbeth's tragic death as he rushes out to the moving forest and is killed by Malcolm.
2. Macbeth is initially a hero, but he becomes a hero-villain as he turns down a path of murderous activity. He is tragic because he allows his ambition and imaginings to control him.
An example of his heroism is found in Act I, Scene 2 as the sergeant describes the bravery and valor of Macbeth in battle:
For brave Macbeth—well he deserves that name—Disdaining fortune, with his brandished steel,Which smoked with bloody execution,Like valor’s minion carved out his passage....Till he unseamed him from the nave to th' chops,And fixed his head upon our battlements. (2.1.15-23)
The moment on ’t; for ’t must be done tonight,
And something from the palace; always thought
That I require a clearness. And with him—
To leave no rubs nor botches in the work—
Fleance, his son, that keeps him company, (3.1.136-140)
If it were done when 'tis done, then 'twere well
It were done quickly. If th'assassination
Could trammel up the consequence, and catch
With its surcease, success....(1.7.1-4)First, as I am his kinsman and his subject,Strong both against the deed; then, as his host,Who should against his murderer shut the door,Not bear the knife myself. Besides, this DuncanHath borne his faculties so meek, hath beenSo clear in his great office, that his virtuesWill plead like angels, trumpet-tongued....(1.7.13-19)
I have no spur
To prick the sides of my intent, but only
Vaulting ambition, which o'erleaps itself
falls on th'other--(1.7.25-28)