When solid Carbon dioxide is hit gently with a hammer, it breaks into small pieces. What tyoe of bond is broken in this process?
I know that carbon dioxide is a covalent molecular substance. I just want to know if the actual covalent bonds are broken or is it just the intermolecular forecs (van der waals) between the molecules?
Remember that solid carbon dioxide (CO2) will sublime into gas phase carbon dioxide. Breaking dry ice into smaller pieces does not change anything about the structure of the CO2 molecules; the atoms are still bound together by covalent bonds.
Hitting dry ice with a hammer will result in the molecules breaking apart from one another which means that we are breaking the intermolecular forces. If we look at the Lewis structure of carbon dioxide, we'll see that it has a linear electron pair geometry and molecular geometry (shape), which results it in a non-polar compound containing only dispersion forces.