When Snowball and Napoleon begin to disagree, how does Napoleon act in Animal Farm?    

When Snowball and Napoleon begin to disagree in Animal Farm, Napoleon acts like the aggressor we understand him to be. Napoleon is “rather fierce-looking” and “not much of a talker,” in contrast to Snowball’s “eloquence.” In their political battle, Snowball makes "brilliant speeches," but Napoleon garners support behind Snowball's back. When the animals are still uncertain, Napoleon uses sheer physical force to expel Snowball from the farm by siccing the dogs on him.

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During Animal Farm's fifth chapter, where we see Snowball at the height of his prestige and power (shaped in large part by his leadership at the Battle of the Cowshed), Snowball and Napoleon seem to have become more antagonistic than ever. Ultimately, many of Napoleon's tactics at this point of the novel amount to sabotage. This does make sense, given that a direct political confrontation between the two would play to Snowball's advantage, given his better oratory as well as the prestige he'd won for himself in battle. Napoleon essentially weaponizes the sheep, using them to disrupt Snowball's speeches. At the same time, while Snowball is ambitious in his plans and innovations, Napoleon is often depicted as gainsaying, without offering real alternatives of his own.

Of critical importance in this confrontation is Snowball's plans for the windmill. This project would take a considerable investment in time and labor, but Snowball promises that, once complete, it would allow for much higher quality of life for the animals on the farm. Napoleon dissents, however, claiming that this project would be a waste of time and resources better devoted to the production of food. The animals factionalize around these two competing positions, even employing their own respective slogans. Additionally, the two differ on their strategy of defense: Snowball wishes to expand the rebellion to other farms while Napoleon, on the other hand, argues that they should focus on the defense of Animal Farm itself, acquiring guns from the humans and training the animals in their use.

Eventually, however, as Snowball seems poised to sway the other animals to his perspective on the windmill, Napoleon abandons his use of subterfuge and political manipulation in favor of active suppression. He uses the dogs to drive Snowball from the farm and begins to set up a totalitarian state.

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When Snowball and Napoleon begin to disagree in Animal Farm, Napoleon acts like the aggressor and bully that the reader has understood him to be all along. In the beginning, the two pigs are presented as equals:

Pre-eminent among the pigs were two young boars named Snowball and Napoleon, whom Mr. Jones was breeding up for sale.

However, they have clear character traits that differ markedly from one another. Napoleon is described as large and “rather fierce-looking.” In contrast to Snowball’s “eloquence,” he is “not much of a talker.” Moreover, he has “a reputation for getting his own way” as a bully does. Conversely, Snowball is “quicker in speech and more inventive.”

Snowball is more of an idealist than Napoleon, who essentially wants the rebellion because he covets power. Snowball is forthright with the other animals and answers their questions truthfully. For instance, when Mollie asks if there will still be sugar on the farm after the rebellion, Snowball answers truthfully that there will not be any.

Snowball and Napoleon begin to disagree and pit themselves against one another politically. Some of the animals support Snowball, using the slogan, "Vote for Snowball and the three-day week," and others support Napoleon, using the "Vote for Napoleon and the full manger" slogan.

Napoleon very quickly begins using smear tactics against his opponent, Snowball. Although Snowball makes "brilliant speeches" when the animals congregate together, "Napoleon was better at canvassing support for himself" behind Snowball's back. He convinces the other animals that Snowball's idealism is unrealistic. When the animals are uncertain, Napoleon then uses sheer physical force to expel Snowball from the farm and take over. Napoleon is then able to convince the others that Snowball has been a traitor to their cause.

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Napoleon and Snowball immediately disagree about the direction of the farm following the Rebellion. Snowball is focused on establishing various committees to organize the farm and involve each animal in the process, while Napoleon is focused on educating the youth and establishing a strong base of loyal followers. Snowball is also focused on drawing plans to build a windmill, which he hopes will power the farm and dramatically improve the standard of living. However, Napoleon disagrees with Snowball's ideas regarding the windmill and believes it is a waste of time.

Napoleon ends up usurping power and drives Snowball from the farm. Napoleon then begins ruling the farm like a tyrant and establishes a society where only pigs enjoy privileges while the other animals suffer. Using propaganda and manipulating the animals' fears, Napoleon makes conditions on the farm for the animals dramatically worse. He not only publicly executes political dissidents, but also begins to live like Mr. Jones as he gradually breaks every commandment. Under Napoleon's leadership, the animals suffer from starvation and even work themselves to death. Eventually, Animal Farm transforms back into the original oppressive Manor Farm with Napoleon playing the role of Mr. Jones.

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Fairly early on in the novel, Snowball and Napoleon start disagreeing about what they want to do on the farm.  Snowball is busy creating committees and setting up life on the farm.  Napoleon does not see eye to eye.  He thinks that these committees are worthless.  He thinks what is important is starting over with the young.  So, he takes the puppies of Bluebell and Jessie.  Later he makes them into his guard dogs.  In short, they are his muscle. Here is what the text says:

Napoleon took no interest in Snowball’s committees. He said that the education of the young was more important than anything that could be done for those who were already grown up.

After this Napoleon seeks to undermine Snowball, and when the dogs are full-grown, he lets them loose on Snowball.  Moreover, he makes up a story that Snowball was a traitor the whole time.  The animals are perplexed, but they believe in him. 

In conclusion, when Napoleon and Snowball start to disagree, Napoleon remains patient until he has his muscle to drive him out. 

 

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