When a researcher or clinician obtains information contained in records such as medical reports or school transcripts, which are they doing?
1. Risking violating the privacly of the subject or client.
2. Likely to be including non-essantial information that might cloud clinical judgement.
3. Does not need to worry about confidentiality issues.
4. Is using nonreactive or unobtrusive measurements.
Research involving human subjects always requires the approval of the Committee on Human Research (CHR). Application must be made to conduct the research and to gain authorization--with the human subject's full consent--to access subjects' medical records. The CHR requirement(s) even apply to medical doctors doing research using their own patient's medical records. Thus the answer is option 1 if the question assumes that CHR has not not been obtained.