Germans Into Nazis

by Peter Fritzsche

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What racial and nationalistic ideas did the Nazis promote?

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The Nazi Party was strikingly consistent in its viewpoints.  It never really changed.  In a world where so much was changing, it was disarming to see that Nazi consistency was the only bulwark.  After German defeat in World War I and humiliation in the Treaty of Versailles, the Nazi Party constructed a platform of ideas that put Germany first at the cost of others, or outsiders who were deemed as "enemies" to a successful German state.  From its inception, the Nazi Party believed in ideas that fostered this "insider" and "outsider" mentality:

...anti- Semitic, anti-monarchist and anti-Marxist views, as well as believing in the superiority of Germans whom nationalists claimed to be part of the Aryan "master race" (Herrenvolk).... [and] accused international capitalism of being a Jewish-dominated movement and denounced capitalists for war profiteering in World War I.

This helped to establish the basic ideology of the party.  Soon, this definition of "enemies" extended to virtually anyone deemed to be an enemy or anyone who voiced opposition to Hitler and the Nazi party.  This platform was advanced as the Nazis gained greater domestic power in Germany and as Nazi expansion ended up nearly unifying all of Europe, threatening all articulations of personal freedom in the process.

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