When Madame Schachter's hallucinations come true at the end of chapter 2, this is an example of which literary device?

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After months of mental duress not knowing what the future holds for them, the Jews of Sighet are finally loaded onto a train headed for the infamous concentration camp at Auschwitz. The train ride is virtually unbearable, with standing room only and very little ventilation. On board the train is...

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After months of mental duress not knowing what the future holds for them, the Jews of Sighet are finally loaded onto a train headed for the infamous concentration camp at Auschwitz. The train ride is virtually unbearable, with standing room only and very little ventilation. On board the train is Madame Schachter with her young son. She has been separated from her husband and older sons who accidentally boarded an earlier train. She is mentally going to pieces and crying out about seeing fire: "Look! Look at it! Fire! A terrible fire! Mercy! Oh, that fire!" Several times she erupts in cries about the fire and, in a case of foreshadowing, the Jews are greeted by "flames" and the "smell of burning flesh" when they disembark at the reception center for Auschwitz. Madame Schachter's hallucinations have come true. Not long after, Elie and his father are marched toward those flames where Elie sees children thrown into fiery pits. It is here that he loses his faith in God: "Never shall I forget those flames which consumed my faith forever."

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It is foreshadowing.  She was screaming about the fire while nobody believed her because she is known to be crazy. She was even beaten and gagged to silence. Still, the fire did come and they ended up in the human ovens of the concentration camp.

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Madame Schachter's visions of flames and death is an example of foreshadowing and also irony. It is very interesting how the author uses her hallucinations in his story. It touches on a key theme of the story which is the relationship between sanity and insanity. Madame Schachter, who is presented as insane and acting irrationally, is the only character who actually "sees" clearly. She, unlike the rest of the passengers on the train, is able to see what is ahead for them. In the context of the Holocaust therefore, the boundaries between sanity and insanity are blurred and questionable.

Also, we see that Madame Schachter is beaten by some of her fellow Jews on the train, whilst they are encouraged to do so by other onlookers. This identifies another theme - the unjust treatment that the Jews receive at the hands of the Nazis causes them to act in a similar depraved and unjust fashion towards each other.

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