Normative ethics studies ethical behavior, explores what is considered morally "right" and "wrong," and questions or identifies how societies arrive at generally accepted moral standards. In the context of evictions and foreclosures during the COVID-19 pandemic, there are many normative ethical questions that arise.
Consider what basic needs and quality of life standards would be jeopardized should one lose their housing in the middle of a pandemic. How could the health of larger communities be affected by people losing their housing during the COVID-19 pandemic? What are the ethical issues that would arise as a result?
A normative ethical claim related to these questions could be "It is morally wrong to evict or foreclose on people during a global health crisis." If this is considered true, how and why would one arrive at this conclusion? One may ask such questions related to this claim such as: If wearing masks in public during this pandemic is a sign of collective societal responsibility to one another's health, should ensuring people do not become homeless during this crisis also be considered a societal or institutional moral responsibility? Should eviction and foreclosure moratoriums during a pandemic be considered a generally accepted normative ethical principle like the Golden Rule is? What ethical responsibilities do governments and other institutions of power have to people's well-being during times of global crisis?