The United States government is divided into three branches: the executive (the presidency), the legislative (Congress), and the judiciary. In theory, the judiciary is completely non-partisan, consisting of the best and most experienced legal minds, although politicians, especially in recent decades, have been subverting this ideal with a hyperpartisan appointment process.
The term "divided government" refers to a situation where one party controls the presidency and the other party controls one or both houses of Congress. The term "unified government" refers to a situation where both the presidency and majorities in both houses of Congress are filled by members of a single party.
Over the history of the United States, unified governments have somewhat outnumbered divided ones, with extended periods of unified governments occurring from 1897 to 1911 and 1933 to 1947. Often divided governments seem to occur during a transition between unified governments of one party and unified...
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