The Separate Amenities Act, also commonly called the Reservation of Separate Amendment Act, was passed into law by royal assent on October 5th, 1953, and enforcement began four days later on October 9. This launched nearly four decades of legal segregation in South Africa. However, unofficial segregation practices excluding non-whites from certain public facilities as well as private businesses were in place during the previous decade in many areas. In March of 1960, a number of amendments to the act were added, which further defined the apartheid system.
It was not until 1990 that the Separate Amenities Act was repealed by the South African Parliament, which began the process to end apartheid in the country. However, in certain urban areas such as Cape Town, Durban, and Johannesburg, re-integration had been taking place for years, despite the act's legal status. In 1994, apartheid came to its end in South Africa.