When did standard public education style form? When was it put to action? Where was it created? In what country was it first formed?What I mean by "standard public education style form" is the...

When did standard public education style form? When was it put to action? Where was it created? In what country was it first formed?

What I mean by "standard public education style form" is the environment "standard" public schools follow (bells, desks, square classrooms, board for teachers), being grouped together by age, learning that there is "only one answer", the idea that collaboration is bad, using divergent thinking as a synonm to creativity (false), the idea that standardized testing reflects ability, and IQ, the seperation of "Gifted IQ" and "Regular IQ" students, the idea that certain things are more useful to the world (academics) than others (the arts). I read that the beginnings of public education were found in the enlightment era, and then refined during the Industrial Revolution, which is the style of public education that is seemingly killing the youth, and the brains behind them today in America. Can you  expand on, verify or disprove this statement with appropriate evidence?

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William Delaney | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

Posted on

That is an excellent question and a brilliant follow-up explanation. I wish I could be more helpful. I find myself in general agreement with your ideas. I believe it was Otto Von Bismarck who instituted compulsory public education in Germany sometime before World War I. The Germans were mostly subsistence farmers, and he wanted to transform Germany into a manufacturing economy to rival England and France. The German people did not want to see their sons taken away from them to attend school and become clerks and factory workers. They lost much of the agricultual labor their sons supplied. (I don't know if girls were required to go to school.) But Germany was a monarchy and the people did what they were told. Other nations followed Germany's example in order to keep up them. Noam Chomsky writes about this. You might refer to Otto Von Bismarck in an encyclopedia. He was the Chancellor under Kaiser Wilhelm. I think public education is too vague a term; it is compulsory public education provided by the state that is at the root of the problem. I also recommend that you look up Ivan Illich's Deschooling Society and a book called Compulsory Miseducation by a man whose name I can't remember at the moment.

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