Slavery in the Nineteenth Century

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When did the Haiti Slave Revolt start, and what is its historical revelance?

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The Haiti slave revolt, more properly known as the St. Domingue Slave Revolt erupted in August, 1791. St. Domingue had a slave population which outnumbered its European population over ten to one. Sadly, the French government did not see it as a problem. Eventually, the slaves revolted under the slogan "Listen to the voice of liberty which speaks in the hearts of all."

Concessions offered by the French were insufficient; and later Spain and England who were at war with France intervened, and promised the slaves individual rights if they sided with them. The slaves, under Touissant Louvertoure, were successful, and proclaimed the republic of Haiti.

The historical significance of the St. Domingue revolt is that it was the only slave revolt in North America that succeeded. Also, because of its success, Napoleon lost interest in his American possessions and offered to sell Louisiana to the United States. All other slave revolts failed. One of the more famous, the Stono Rebellion, occurred in South Carolina which also had a slave majority; however that rebellion was put down in less than 46 hours.

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