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The Hittites conquered the Old Babylonian Empire in 1595 b.c.e.. The Empire had been crumbling in the years leading up to the Hittite invasion, which was more like a series of very destructive raids rather than a campaign designed to gain territories. After the rule of Hammurabi in the eighteenth century b.c.e., the Sumerian city-states broke free, and the empire was torn by massive migrations, both within and out of the empire, and the resulting lack of tribute from the provinces severely weakened the Babylonian monarchs. When the Hittites invaded, sacking Babylon and other cities, they did not incorporate all of the Babylonian Empire into their dominion, and only exercised political control over Upper Mesopotamia.
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