When agriculture was first introduced in history, what were the complexities?

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pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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This depends very much on what you mean by the word "complexities."  One could argue that the major "complexity" of the move to agriculture was that it made complex and organized socieities possible.

With the coming of agriculture, human society changed radically.  Before agriculture, people were hunter-gatherers who lived in relatively small groups and tended to move around a good deal.  They had very little in the way of technology.  After agriculture was discovered, people started living in larger and larger groups and staying in one place.  They started to have the food surpluses that were necessary to support specialists who could do work other than gathering food.  Among these would eventually be people whose major function was to create technology.  The larger societies brought about a need for more organization, which led to more formalized governments.

In these ways, agriculture changed the face of human society and made it much more complex than it had been before.

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samanna47 | Student, Grade 10 | eNotes Newbie

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Sorry I don't know what happened :( I refreshed and my computer automatically repeated your answer. I am very sorry, onehourteacher. 

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onehourteacher | High School Teacher | (Level 1) eNoter

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The introduction of agriculture, sometimes called the Neolithic revolution, was a crucial change in the human experience. Some would argue that, other than the emergence of the species itself, the development of agriculture and the later replacement of agricultural economies with industrial economies are the two key developments of the human experience.

By 5000 BCE, agriculture had gradually spread and was becoming the most common economic system for the largest number of people in the world. Despite the advantages of agriculture over hunting and gathering, its widespread adoption was slow.

One reason for this slow spread was that contacts among relatively far-flung populations were minimal. Also, not all regions were suitable for agriculture; some were heavily forested or arid. Last of all, agriculture involves settling down, which might not have been attractive to some hunting-and-gathering societies that treasured their capacity to move around.

samanna47's profile pic

samanna47 | Student, Grade 10 | eNotes Newbie

Posted on

The introduction of agriculture, sometimes called the Neolithic revolution, was a crucial change in the human experience. Some would argue that, other than the emergence of the species itself, the development of agriculture and the later replacement of agricultural economies with industrial economies are the two key developments of the human experience.

By 5000 BCE, agriculture had gradually spread and was becoming the most common economic system for the largest number of people in the world. Despite the advantages of agriculture over hunting and gathering, its widespread adoption was slow.

One reason for this slow spread was that contacts among relatively far-flung populations were minimal. Also, not all regions were suitable for agriculture; some were heavily forested or arid. Last of all, agriculture involves settling down, which might not have been attractive to some hunting-and-gathering societies that treasured their capacity to move around.

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