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The teacher's role in any learner-centered classroom is to facilitate. With English learners, that means paying attention to what your students know and specifically what they are interested in learning. You also need to have them talk a lot, and to each other.
In a learner-centered classroom, there are three characteristics:
1. The atmosphere must provide for interaction, socialization, and along with a business-like approach for completing work.
In learning English as a foreign language, students need to engage in dialogues and recitation.
2. Learners must be given frequent opportunities to confront new information and meanings.
Students must be allowed to confront new information in a way that they can apply past experiences. For instance, students can write about simple things that they do or see, tying their experiences to new words of English.
3. New meaning should be acquired through the process of personal discovery.
Writing or speaking about a picture, or adding to a paragraph are good exercises. Learning needs to be introduced in the style of the learner. Collaboration with other students is often helpful.
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