The point of view in this short story is probably best described as that of a limited third person narrator.
The story is not told from the point of view of any of the characters. We are not seeing the story through Mrs. Mallard's eyes or those of her sister or any one else's eyes. Instead, we are outside of the action looking in.
We can say the narrator is limited because he or she can know what the people are thinking, but not all the time. The narrator is not just telling us what happened, he or she is also telling us what Louise is thinking. But we don't really know what anyone else is thinking.
The story is told from 3rd person omnisient point of view. Though it basically adds nothing to the story except to trick those of us who are required to write a paper on it. it is within the first paragraph.
"Her husband's friend Richards was there, too, near her. It was he who had been in the newspaper office when intelligence of the railroad disaster was received, with Brently Mallard's name leading the list of "killed." He had only taken the time to assure himself of its truth by a second telegram, and had hastened to forestall any less careful, less tender friend in bearing the sad message."
thay mrs mallard was opressed so now that she hears the news of her husbands death she feels free.
The attitude or outlook of a narrator or character in a piece of literature, a movie, or another art form.