One can draw many parallels between the protagonist Doctor Faustus of Christopher Marlowe’s Doctor Faustus and Lucifer/Satan of Milton’s The Paradise Lost. Most importantly, we see that the tragic downfall of Doctor Faustus and fall of Lucifer from heaven embrace a similar course.
Lucifer (also called as the Angel of light) was once the most loved Angel of God. He was very powerful and quite superior to other Angels. But he sinned. His powers made him limitlessly proud. He wished to outshine God and gain his position. He was thrown out from heaven to hell in the end. His arrogance distances him from God’s grace and leads to his misery.
Doctor Faustus is also shown to be a learned, educated and intelligent man. His academia knowledge set him soar high but makes him repulsively proud. Not only that, his lust for black arts, necromancy, and occult is forbidden. His extreme pride or hubris is followed by several other deadly sins like gluttony, lechery, etc., which lead to his damnation.
Thus, we see both Doctor Faustus and Lucifer have limitless quest of greater power, status, respect and control. And these big, insatiable aspirations and perfection finally lead to their tragic demise. Both Lucifer and Doctor Faustus are drawn to eternal punishment of hell and separation from God’s love in the end.