What are the parallels between Dr. Faustus and Lucifer? 

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Both Dr. Faustus and Lucifer were previously in possession of very valuable things, but they were not satisfied with those things and chose to sacrifice their moral status in order to obtain more. Lucifer was in heaven, which Mephistophilis describes as "everlasting bliss," but he was not content, because he was subordinate to God. So he rebelled and ended up the ruler of hell. Dr. Faustus had a wealth of knowledge, as he listed in his opening monologue. He also had a soul that was his own. But he wanted supernatural powers, so he chose to sell his soul to the devil in order to gain these powers and to obtain more knowledge. In both cases, too, the play suggests that the bargain made was not worth it. Faustus's activities after selling his soul are mundane—playing tricks on the Pope, bringing a pregnant Duchess grapes, etc. Lucifer is always trying to gain new souls and always missing heaven, so he is no more content than he was there, if not even less. Thus, both Lucifer and Dr. Faustus gave away something incredibly valuable for something that turned out not to be worth the sacrifice they made.

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In Christian theology, Lucifer, of course, is the angel banished by God from heaven for seeking power, for wishing to usurp the authority of God. In Marlowe's play, Faustus also...

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