What is the main view of the Martin Luther's 95 Theses and Galilieo's Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina.  What are their views on the Church?Both Luther in his Ninety-Five Theses and Galileo...

What is the main view of the Martin Luther's 95 Theses and Galilieo's Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina.  What are their views on the Church?

Both Luther in his Ninety-Five Theses and Galileo in his Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina are resisting the rules of the church establishment. What are the issues for each, and how does each proceed to make his case:

Expert Answers
pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

What Luther and Galileo have in common is that both are setting themselves in opposition to practices or beliefs of people in the Church hierarchy.  What is different is the specific problems they have with that hierarchy.

In his "Letter," Galileo criticizes people who, he thinks, take the Bible too literally (by claiming Biblical support for the idea that the Earth moves around the Sun).  He specifically states that they are wrong and that his heliocentric theory is correct.

Luther is concerned with the practice of selling indulgences.  He believes that forgiveness must be earned, not bought.  He also argues for a more limited version of Papal power than the Church hierarchy liked.

As far as how they proceed to make their cases, there's no way to summarize that.  You'll need to look at the documents themselves and decide how you want to answer...

parama9000 | Student

Both of them opposed the church.

Galileo was writing to state that the Earth moves around the Sun, and that the Earth is not at the center of the universe.

Luther believed that forgiveness must be bought and therefore Papal power should have been limited.