Orthodox Christian regards mankind as marked by original sin. This is, Adam fell from grace in the Garden of Eden and men are thus inherently evil. However, there is some hope in the promise that a Redeemer will come to save mankind. Does Golding share this traditional Christian viewpoint?
I think the novel does depict the idea of original sin, although I agree that there is no savior present in the book. When left to their own devices, the boys tend toward violence and chaos rather than order and loving relationships. Although Piggy and Ralph are not apart of the group, they fall victim to their own flaws. Simon could be seen as the Christ figure in this novel. He is different than all the other boys. He sees the beauty on the island, he has a wisdom and depth the others don't, and he knows that the beast is not real but instead it is inside the boys (more evidence of original sin). Simon is then 'crucified' when he tries to tell everyone that the beast is not real. His death in the book is written in very poetic style and language making it significant and meaningful. In the Bible, once Jesus is crucified, the Jewish leaders continue to persecute and martyr the disciples and apostles just like Jack continued to hunt Piggy and Ralph.
Good question. On the surface, I suppose you could say that yes, Golding's story depicts exactly that. We see the inherent evil in some (not all!) of the boys and several actions lead to their savior in the form of a naval ship; however, I have a fundamental problem with anybody in this novel being labeled as a savior. I don't believe it can be the naval ship since those people will continue killing and destroying as soon as the boys are safely returned to wherever they will now call home.
Biblically, once Jesus died, the wicked saw their ways and were saved. Can the same be said for the deaths of Simon or Piggy? Neither one of those deaths caused Jack's tribe to see the light and mend their wicked ways; in fact, Jack's tribe did the complete opposite after each of those deaths.
It's my standpoint that Golding is suggesting that mankind is virtually unable to be saved. Too often, we get in our own way for redemption. Although these boys may return to better ways once returning home, the naval men certainly won't. If the navy didn't show up to save Ralph, would Jack's tribe have settled down once Ralph was dead? I imagine not; I think Jack would have invented some new "enemy" that needed to be hunted.
To tell the truth this book wasn;t really written for a christan view. the main allegory was describing that how without civilization the savegery inside everyone takes over. there is no savior at all in this book. piggy and Ralph are in no way christian like figures. they stand for civilization of course, and civilization cannot not live with savegery, thus savegery tries to wipe it out.
Simon stands for morality, so in a way he can be looked at as a Christ like figure, but his death is in no way related to the death of Jesus. He stands for morality and when he is killed by the hands of the others it just shows how morality cannot survive within savegery again, just like simon and piggy.