Expert Answers
gojsawyer eNotes educator| Certified Educator
Approaches to examining an author’s intent differ depending upon which style or tool of literary criticism is employed to examine the author’s text. Questions that a person analyzing a text might seek to ask and answer in examining an author’s intent might include: What was the author’s life like at the time that the text was written? Under what political circumstances was the text written? What other works of literature or art may compare and contrast with the author’s text? Although such questions may be legitimate in some styles of literary criticism, some schools of thought on analyzing text consider the author’s intent as irrelevant to the meaning of the text itself.
mrsk72 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

This is quite a vague question, and you may get a more detailed, relevant, response if you identify which text you are studying.

The author's intention is what message they are trying to get across to the reader. For example, in George Orwell's 'Animal Farm', the author's intention is to criticise the realities of Communism, especially from the perspective of the workers. The reader, however, may not necessarily identify this intention.