What Is Colonialism

What is colonialism?

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ladyvols1 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Colonialism is the control that a country or government holds over the territory and the people in a foreign country.  England colonized many areas in the world.  They had colonies in India, colonized Ireland and parts of North America.  Spain also had colonies in the Americas as did France.  Colonialism has existed at one time or another in almost every continent in the world.  The Dutch also colonized parts of the globe.  The concept of Colonialism is to be used in a method of expansion of a country's ownership of land, resources, and economic advancement.  Some of the countries who were most active in setting up new colonies seemed to believe that it was their duty to help bring less educated and poorer societies into their fold so they could teach them a new culture and expand their horizons.  Some countries simply did it to get their hands on the material resources of the new country.

brettd eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Colonialism is the basis of the concept of mercantilism, which is an imperial idea that suggests that colonies exist for the benefit of the mother country and should be governed accordingly.  When a country develops colonies, or acquires them, it becomes an empire.  "The sun never sets on the British Empire" because at any given time, the sun was up somewhere in the world where a British colony existed.

There are other types of colonialism, such as economic colonialism.  When your economy is the dominant source of trade and jobs for another country or region, it could be said to be a type of economic colony of the larger one.

zumba96 | Student

the policy or practice of acquiring full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically.

mwaqasengg | Student
colonialism is when a powerful country takes over a less powerful country and begins to rule that country as a subordinate; all the resources of the colonized country are controlled by its colonial superior. it can sometimes be good for a country's economy if it's colonial superior have good intentions of building their economy and not extorting the natural resources. Colonizing nations generally dominate the resources, labor, and markets of the colonial territory, and may also impose socio-cultural, religious and linguistic structures on the indigenous population. common example was in Africa during what was called the scramble for Africa in which world super powers like Britain,France,Spain,Portugal, Belgium and others divided africa into regions that they could colonize. countries which those super powers colonized now speak the language of their colonial superior. example former French colonies like Ivory Coast, Guinea and Cameroon speak French as their national language. as far as its effects on their economy, Colonial powers that weren't all about extortion made some major developments in their colonies. see Nigeria,Ivory Coast and Ghana which are highly developed countries in Africa. but if the colonization is all about accumulating wealth, then it can be very terrible as the colonized country won't be able to produce anything for itself that will help it even have a sustainable economy. hope this was helpful


lonemazi | Student

The practice of one country acquiring full or partial political control over another country. It is the establishment, maintenance, acquisition and expansion of colonies of one country in another country.