Although different textbooks can use different lists, we can generally say that there are five climatic regions in Europe.
The first of these regions is the tundra. This is a northern climatic region and is not very big. This is an area with very cold winters and warm summers. The summers are not, however, enough to melt the permafrost in the ground.
The second region is the coniferous, boreal forest. This is also called “taiga.” This is generally the climatic area just south of the tundra. It is found in places like Scandinavia. It is generally cold in the winter and very snowy. The summers are somewhat warmer than in the tundra.
Then there is the deciduous forest. This covers much of Western Europe. This region has the classic four seasons, each with very distinctive weather patterns.
The last two regions are much smaller. One of these is the grassland, or steppe. This is generally found mainly in Southeastern Europe. It tends to have hot summers, cold winters, and a great deal of rain. Finally, there is the Mediterranean climate. This region never gets very cold. It has hot summers and is fairly warm in the other seasons.